Dyslexia or Developmental reading disorder, occurs when there is a problem in areas of the brain that help interpret language. This condition results in individuals reading at significantly lower levels than expected despite having normal intelligence. Although it varies from person to person, people with dyslexia have difficulty with sound processing, spelling, and/or rapid visual-verbal responding. Symptoms of dyslexia include: Difficulty in reading words; Poor comprehension; Problems with spelling; Delayed speech
Dyslexia can be inherited in some families. Recent studies have identified a number of genes that may predispose an individual to developing dyslexia. A small study1 demonstrated that a variant of the SLC2A3 gene located on chromosome 4 might be significantly associated with automatic speech deviance processing which is altered in dyslexic children.
Developmental reading disorder